How can the organisms in your gut affect your brain? Your gut contains 2.2 pounds of microorganisms. Bacteria, fungi, protists and viruses all share real estate in the lining of your intestine. These organisms make up your intestinal microbiome. We observe changes to the intestinal microbiome in a variety of neurologic and psychiatric diseases. They include […]

Scleroderma is a chronic disease that leads to skin fibrosis (“thickening”) and blood vessel changes. The exact cause is unknown. It affects the skin, joints, lungs, kidneys, heart, and gastrointestinal tract. It most commonly affects middle-aged women. How do you diagnose scleroderma? The diagnosis is based mainly on symptoms and physical exam. Laboratory testing helps […]

In the United States, more than 15 million informal caregivers, primarily family, provide unpaid care to people with Alzheimer’s disease. It can take a devastating toll. Studies show that caregivers have higher rates of depression, anxiety, insomnia, and cardiovascular disease. Caregiving is truly one of the ultimate acts of love, and sometimes joy is still […]

You may have heard of Lou Gehrig’s Disease,  Multiple Sclerosis and Muscular Dystrophy, but you might not have heard about another neuromuscular disease: Myasthenia Gravis, or MG. It’s a breakdown in the normal communication between your nerves and voluntary muscles that will cause weakness, fatigue, and a loss of function. For many patients, it can make […]